2013/02/25

Book Review: The Specter of Sex: Gendered Foundations of Racial Formation in the United States

Specter of Sex book cover: woman in 19th century dress
I'm a well-off, well-educated, straight, white man living in the US, so I sit in the intersection of pretty much every dimension of privilege. I'm also a radical committed to real freedom and equality for everyone, for the destruction of all these systems of oppression. So the question I'm often faced with is: what should I work on? To what specific struggles should I contribute?

Over the years I've become more and more convinced that patriarchy is a linchpin hierarchy, upholding many others. It's also historically ancient: even among the least unequal, classless, aboriginal societies anthropologists have reported on, most have some degree of patriarchy, and this seems to have gotten distinctly worse with the rise of agriculture, settlements, and class structure.

Accordingly, I have, for example, worked on campaigns for LGBT rights, because I believe that attacking homophobia and discrimination against LGBT people is fundamentally feminist: the basis for these kinds of discrimination is that men and boys should act certain ways, and women and girls should act certain other ways, and there are no exceptions. I can see from years of living in San Francisco how a queer-friendly environment allows even the straightest, most gender-conformant people freedom from gender and sexuality norms that don't suit them.